环境准备

关闭selinux

  • 临时生效
[root@hxj ~]# setenforce 0
setenforce: SELinux is disabled
  • 永久生效
sed -i '/^SELINUX=/c\SELINUX=disabled' /etc/selinux/config

安装epel源

rpm -ivh http://mirrors.sohu.com/fedora-epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-9.noarch.rpm

安装openvpn

yum安装openvpn

yum -y install openssl openssl-devel lzo openvpn easy-rsa vim

生成密钥

cd /usr/share/easy-rsa/2.0/

修改目录下vars文件

export KEY_COUNTRY="CN"
export KEY_PROVINCE="HuBei"
export KEY_CITY="WuHan"
export KEY_ORG="hxjagf"
export KEY_EMAIL="hxjagf@qq.com"
export KEY_OU="hxjagf"

创建密钥文件,一路回车,但遇到yes or no 的时候要输入Y

source ./vars
./clean-all
./build-ca
./build-key-server cty_vpnserver
./build-dh
./build-key cloud

将生成的密钥文件复制到openvpn的安装目录

cp -rf keys/ /etc/openvpn/

创建vpn配置文件

vim /etc/openvpn/server.conf

;local a.b.c.d
port 1194
proto udp
dev tun
ca keys/ca.crt
cert keys/cty_vpnserver.crt
key keys/cty_vpnserver.key  # This file should be kept secret
dh keys/dh2048.pem
server 10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0
ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt
push "route 192.168.99.0 255.255.255.0"
push "route 192.168.98.0 255.255.255.0"
client-to-client
duplicate-cn
keepalive 10 120
comp-lzo
persist-key
persist-tun
status openvpn-status.log
log-append  openvpn.log
verb 3
cipher AES-256-CBC

防火墙配置

由于centos7用firewalld服务替代了iptables服务,所有先要安装iptables

yum install -y iptables-services
systemctl enable iptables
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl start iptables
iptables  -F
iptables  -L

开启转发

sed -i '/net.ipv4.ip_forward/s/0/1/' /etc/sysctl.conf
sysctl -p
或者
vim /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward  # 添加 net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1

 iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -o ens32 -j MASQUERADE               #开启nat转发
 iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 1194 -m comment --comment "openvpn" -j ACCEPT     #针对tcp端口
 iptables -I INPUT -p udp --dport 1194 -m comment --comment "openvpn" -j ACCEPT     #针对udp端口
 service iptables save                              #保存iptables配置

启动服务

systemctl start openvpn@server.service       #启动服务
systemctl status openvpn@server.service      #查看服务状态
systemctl enable openvpn@server.service     #开机自启

配置用户密码认证

修改server.conf配置文件,添加下面代码

script-security 3
auth-user-pass-verify /etc/openvpn/checkpsw.sh via-env
# client-cert-not-required            #启用后,就关闭证书认证,只通过账号密码认证
username-as-common-name

创建认证脚本,放到/etc/openvpn/目录

[root@localhost openvpn]# cat checkpsw.sh
#!/bin/sh
###########################################################
# checkpsw.sh (C) 2004 Mathias Sundman <mathias@openvpn.se>
#
# This script will authenticate OpenVPN users against
# a plain text file. The passfile should simply contain
# one row per user with the username first followed by
# one or more space(s) or tab(s) and then the password.
PASSFILE="/etc/openvpn/psw-file"
LOG_FILE="/var/log/openvpn-password.log"
TIME_STAMP=`date "+%Y-%m-%d %T"`
###########################################################
if [ ! -r "${PASSFILE}" ]; then
echo "${TIME_STAMP}: Could not open password file \"${PASSFILE}\" for reading." >> ${LOG_FILE}
exit 1
fi

CORRECT_PASSWORD=`awk '!/^;/&&!/^#/&&$1=="'${username}'"{print $2;exit}' ${PASSFILE}`

if [ "${CORRECT_PASSWORD}" = "" ]; then
echo "${TIME_STAMP}: User does not exist: username=\"${username}\", password=\"${password}\"." >> ${LOG_FILE}
exit 1
fi

if [ "${password}" = "${CORRECT_PASSWORD}" ]; then
echo "${TIME_STAMP}: Successful authentication: username=\"${username}\"." >> ${LOG_FILE}
exit 0
fi

echo "${TIME_STAMP}: Incorrect password: username=\"${username}\", password=\"${password}\"." >> ${LOG_FILE}
exit 1

创建账号密码文件

[root@localhost openvpn]# cat psw-file
test 123456

添加权限控制

给账号分配固定IP

  1. 配置文件中添加

client-config-dir /etc/openvpn/ccd

  1. 给每个账号创建配置文件

echo "ifconfig-push 10.8.0.17 10.8.0.18" > ccd/zhangsan

效果如下

[root@localhost openvpn]# ls ccd/
hxj  lzh  test  zhangsan

注意ip只能配套对应下表的地址集

[  1,  2]   [  5,  6]   [  9, 10]   [ 13, 14]   [ 17, 18]
[ 21, 22]   [ 25, 26]   [ 29, 30]   [ 33, 34]   [ 37, 38]
[ 41, 42]   [ 45, 46]   [ 49, 50]   [ 53, 54]   [ 57, 58]
[ 61, 62]   [ 65, 66]   [ 69, 70]   [ 73, 74]   [ 77, 78]
[ 81, 82]   [ 85, 86]   [ 89, 90]   [ 93, 94]   [ 97, 98]
[101,102]   [105,106]   [109,110]   [113,114]   [117,118]
[121,122]   [125,126]   [129,130]   [133,134]   [137,138]
[141,142]   [145,146]   [149,150]   [153,154]   [157,158]
[161,162]   [165,166]   [169,170]   [173,174]   [177,178]
[181,182]   [185,186]   [189,190]   [193,194]   [197,198]
[201,202]   [205,206]   [209,210]   [213,214]   [217,218]
[221,222]   [225,226]   [229,230]   [233,234]   [237,238]
[241,242]   [245,246]   [249,250]   [253,254]

添加iptables规则

以下为两个例子,基本涵盖所有需求,根据具体情况做修改

  1. 允许10.8.0.13访问192.168.99.101服务器,其他的全部拒绝
  2. 允许10.8.0.17访问192.168.98.0/24的所有ip,其他的全部拒绝
iptables -A FORWARD -i tun0 -s 10.8.0.13/32 -d 192.168.99.101 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -s 10.8.0.13/32 -j DROP
iptables -A FORWARD -i tun0 -s 10.8.0.17/32 -d 192.168.98.0/24  -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -s 10.8.0.17/32 -j DROP
service iptables save

最后附上windows客户端配置文件

client
dev tun
proto udp
remote 27.18.17.241 1194
resolv-retry infinite
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
ca ca.crt
cert cloud.crt
key cloud.key
comp-lzo
verb 3
auth-user-pass cloudpw.txt